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61.31(d)(3) Endorsment

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FAA Regulations

I'm reading on AC 61-65 about the endorsment on "solo ops when the pilot doesn't hold an appropriate category/class rating: section 61.31(d)(3)"

and the problem is that i can't find any point (3) in section 61.31(d). How come?

Sorry I have my CFI checkride in 3 weeks and i'm freaking out, is there something i'm missing? i have the lastest 2013 FAR, the AC is from 2005 maybe it has been changed since then?

4 Answers



  1. Sam Dawson on Dec 19, 2012

    There isn’t a point 3. It is referring to point #2.

    (d) Aircraft category, class, and type ratings: Limitations on operating an aircraft as the pilot in command. To serve as the pilot in command of an aircraft, a person must—

    (1) Hold the appropriate category, class, and type rating (if a class or type rating is required) for the aircraft to be flown; or

    (2) Have received training required by this part that is appropriate to the pilot certification level, aircraft category, class, and type rating (if a class or type rating is required) for the aircraft to be flown, and have received an endorsement for solo flight in that aircraft from an authorized instructor.

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  2. Best Answer


    Mark Kolber on Dec 19, 2012

    >>maybe it has been changed since then

    Good guess. You got it. (d)(2) and (d)(3) had some duplication. That portion of the reg was amended as part of the large Part 61 revision that became effective in October 2009.

    If you like to look that type of stuff up, go to https://www.federalregister.gov/ and type 74 FR 42500 in the search box at the very top of the page. Early in the document itself, there will be a table of the revisions and a brief summary.

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  3. lo_fly on Dec 19, 2012

    THANK YOU SOOOOOOO MUCH GUYS!!!!

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  4. Sam Dawson on Dec 23, 2012

    Something else to remember. Such a student is NOT a student pilot and does not require a student pilot certificate. As such there will be no limitations (including an expiration), on such an endorsment unless you specifically put those limitation in the endorsement.
    Finally, when able I would get an electronic version of the FAR/AIM. The paper version is usually out of date as soon as it ships. A good example of this was the change to part 61 that occurred several years ago that included changes to the commercial cross country requirement. This change occurred in September/October, after the next years paper FAR/AIM went to print. For over a year many CFIs were still using the old requirement.

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