VFR Required Equipment
Here is a question from Joe who asks:
How’s it going? I’m a CFI/CFII getting ready to work on my MEI. I’m was just wondering if you had any easy ways to teach 91.205. I have ways to easily teach equipment required for IFR flight and VFR Night. I just don’t have a easily remembered acronym for necessary equipment for VFR DAY. Any ideas?
Hi Joe, thanks for your question.
Actually I do have a mnemonic that I was taught to help remember the equipment required by § 91.205. I’m not sure which mnemonic you are using for VFR night so I’ll give them both to you. So here is a mnemonic to help you remember the required equipment for VFR day (paragraph b) and the required equipment for VFR night (paragraph c).
VFR Day: TOMATOE A FLAMES
- Tachometer (for each engine)
- Oil Pressure Gauge
- Magnetic Direction Indicator (magnetic compass)
- Airspeed Indicator
- Temperature Gauge for each liquid cooled engine
- Oil Temperature Gauge
- Emergency equipment (beyond power off gliding distance over water) pyrotechnic signaling device, flotation device
- Anti-collision Lights
- Fuel Gauge for each tank
- Landing gear position indicator
- Manifold Pressure Gauge for each engine
- Emergency Locator Transmitter
- Safety Belts and Shoulder Harnesses
VFR Night: FLAPS
- Landing light, if operated for hire
- Anti-collision light (beacon and/or strobes)
- Position Lights – Nav Lights (Red on the left, Green on the Right, White facing aft)
- Source of electricity (battery, generator, alternator)
Disclaimer: Several of the items are only required if you meet certain conditions and several of the items also have additional descriptions listed in the actual regulation. Take for instance the M in FLAMES. If you look at § 91.205, you will learn that a manifold pressure gauge is only required if you have an “altitude engine” (an engine capable of developing rated takeoff power to a certain altitude). So feel to pass this list on to your students, but make sure you follow it up with a good discussion and reading of the actual reg.
Here is a link to the official reg: FAR §91.205